One of the most important structural aspects of the population of any country is the relative number of males and females who compose it. According to the Fisher’s Principal, gender ratio is known as “the proportion of females relative to one thousand males in a population”. In India, we are now seeing, for the first time in the previous several sceneries, the gender ratio has tipped in favor of females. This is big news! For every 1,000 males in India today, our country now has 1,020 females according to the National Family Health Survey‑5.
In ancient times, the birth rate of women was quite equal to that of men because the conditions for women then was more favorable. The unfavorable conditions for women began in the Mughal Empire and lasted